Brazilian Beaches: Lover's Ecstasy

Beautiful pallid sands and fresh turquoise bluish green waters are not the only factors that make Brazilian beaches the most loved all over the world. At any time of the year, you can find yourself getting a gorgeous sunburn or revelry the night away. Brazil has a plethora of beaches that can anyone into a beach bum. Long coastlines dotted with pretty cafe's and long hours spent trying out irrigate sports makes the Brazilian beaches a most sought after target amongst all beach lovers.

Copacabana Beach:
This Brazilian beach is a hot spy especially for the New Years evening. Copacabana is situated in the southern area of Rio de Janeiro. Its beauty is enhanced with the historic castel that are seen at this Brazilian beach. Copacabana also draws a reputation for being known as one of the best beaches in the world. A fun time at Copacabana beach would mean oodles of fun in the sun with games such as volleyball.

Ipanema Beach:
Located in the Southern area of Rio de Janeiro, Ipanema beach is a mixture of different civilization. This beach like all Brazilian beaches offers white sands and loads of games and fun. A saunter down the sandy shoreline would reveal people playing games such as beach volleyball, football etc.

Pipa Beach:
It is located in the state of Rio Grande do Norte in Brazil. Pipa attracts people because of its fine white sand and precipice that offer a gorgeous view of the place. Pipa has a vast number of fine restaurants nightclubs.

Ponta Verde Beach:
This beach is located in Maceio in the city of Alagoas. Ponta Verde also linger to be the most recurrent beach of Brazil. This beach is a popular spot because of the reefs, which contain tiny ponds that form during low deluge. This is also most frequented because of a certain part of land that scheme out of the sea. This land is covered entirely with a green cover.

Toque Toque Grande:
The Toque Toque Grande beach is located in the city of Sao Sebastiao in Brazil. The island is quite unoccupied by people. It's an ideal location for those wanting some isolation and love scuba diving.

Jericoacoara Beach:
This beach is known for offering some of the most stunning views in Brazil. It proves to be an ideal spot for surfing.

The Importance Of English Language Learning In The "age Of Asia"

English language learning around the world is evolving in surprising and sometimes alarming ways. A few decades ago, the language learning process was either moderated by native speakers (NS) of English or proactively initiated by second language learners who travel to English-speaking countries to study and become proficient in the language. In many language encounters, English translators were also in high demand to facilitate a clearer communication between peoples of diverse linguistic traditions. This is not to say that formal English language teachers and translators have become relics belonging to a bygone era. On the contrary, their function is still very much relevant, but their roles are changing dramatically.

For one thing, the number of language students leaving their home nations to study English abroad is in a rather steep decline according to the most recent reports. That is because English language learning has already become a critical strategic policy among non-English speaking nations that have wisely institutionalized the learning of English in the home front. Given the undeniable role of English as the language of choice in global business, the Internet, and international relations, not doing so will prevent these nations from having any meaningful participation in global discourses.

In much of Asia, including China and India--two of its demographic and economic giants--the learning of English has become an integral component of early education. Meanwhile, given their heritage of British governance, Singapore and Malaysia have also consistently promoted the learning of English such that their English-speaking populations are perhaps the most proficient in the region, based on online tests conducted by some language-oriented organizations. Nearby, the Philippines still holds the title of having the 3rd largest English-speaking population in the world after the US and India.

Given these developments, how has the role of language teachers who are also native speakers of English changed as previously claimed? The simple and alarming fact is that neither they nor their linguistic compatriots in the US, UK, Australia, Canada and New Zealand own and control English anymore. If numbers were a determinant of language ownership, they are outnumbered by at least 3 to 1 by non-native English speakers. Native speakers number between 300 million to 400 million while speakers of English who also have a first language exceeds a billion.

Of course, language ownership is a tenuous issue and games of numbers are just that. By all indications, English has become a global language owned by all its users--regardless of whether they are native or non-native speakers of it--who will naturally use English within their respective cultural contexts. It is no accident that there is now the so-called Korean English, Indian English and other working variants of the English language. The evolutionary transformation of language by people who use it is in fact, a known and expected linguistic phenomenon. After all, any language that ceases to evolve, like Latin, is a dead language.

Speaking of imperial languages, English too has undeniably become the de facto lingua franca of global commerce, international relations, and the scientific and technological world, much like Latin was during the heydays of the Roman Empire up to the Industrial Revolution. Two very vivid examples of how English is transforming global businesses is the Toyota-Peugeot factory in the Czech Republic and the Nokia headquarters in Finland. While managed by a multinational team and staffed mostly by technically skilled Czechs and Finns, respectively, the enforced medium of communication within the business and manufacturing complexes of both companies is unabashedly English. Elsewhere in Western Europe, the modern Swedes appear to have the highest level of English proficiency among non-English speaking countries largely due to the fact that Swedes believe that Swedish has very little communicative value in a global setting or even anywhere in the world that is not part of Sweden. At the other end of the scale is Spain, which lags behind all other European countries in English proficiency, a fact that may be related to its population's awareness that Spanish is also a formidable language in its own right and is still used as the language of business and diplomacy in Latin America.

However, in a much larger scale, it is English that has become the medium of choice when representatives of the G7, BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China), and ASEAN communicate with each other. Without global English, the inter-relational proximity of different nations would have been very remote indeed, requiring translators that often feed a sense of "separateness" among diplomats. If anything, global English is helping diverse nations become closer together by eradicating previously problematic linguistic barriers to better trade, security and cultural relations.

In the realm of science and technology, English has also helped the global exchange of research data and innovative ideas. Scientific journals and research are now mostly articulated through English, with some estimates placing its use in modern science and technology to as much as 90 percent. Even the Internet, one of the top technological marvels of the previous century, is largely English-based, even when large pockets of localized online content is spreading. Notably, the programming codes that established the World Wide Web and all its amazing functionalities today are also loosely based on the English language. Software programmers from non-native English-speaking countries have very little choice but to get immersed in the rudiments of the English language as used in the syntax of their programming codes.

Given the established dominance of English in the global ecosystem, how will educators of English as a second language (ESL) redefine their roles in the new dynamic? The first is for educators to fully acknowledge that English as used in non-native English speaking countries is not the language of Shakespeare. It has been transformed into a far different variant called Global English, where the millions of linguistic stakeholders are active participants in its continuing evolution. As of this writing, the Asian trend indicates that more people are learning English, and starting learning it at a very early age. In many respects, the method of teaching English has also changed from being articulated as a foreign language to being shared as an acclimatized second language that functions as the local population's link to the rest of the world. According to an article in the Economist, children with ages between 8 and 12 are better language learners than younger ones.

In the same article, Malaysia ranked as the most proficient English user in Southeast Asia based on a global sampling of 2 million non-native English speaking people conducted by the English teaching company, EF Education First. At the other end is Thailand that ranked among the worst five performers globally. The good performance of Malaysia may stem from its Anglicized history as well as its export-oriented economy that required intensive communication with a global market. As previously noted, the spectre of political colonialism--at least in the case of Malaysia--has all but been removed from the teaching of English, replaced by the practical need for Malaysians to learn English in order to maintain their global economic competitiveness.

As if to affirm the status of English as a lingua franca, China has been pushing for state-sanctioned English education years ago, in a similar effort to buoy their vibrant economy. Reportedly, such sustained efforts will eventually empower China to even outperform English-acclimatized India in the services sector that requires extensive use of English. To illustrate the far ranging implications of these developments, the number of Chinese children that are learning English--more than a hundred million--now exceed the entire population of the United Kingdom.

The mandate for English language educators is clear: Global English is a previously unheard of phenomenon but is a contemporary fact that educators, businesses, governments, technologists, learners, and other linguistic stakeholders will be confronted in the next several years. Realigning teaching methods to help steer its evolution into a robust mode of communication that is clearly understood by all parties in global language interactions is of critical importance.

Cancun Holidays Lead The Way For Mexico's Tourism Success In 2012

The Mexican Ministry of Tourism recently announced that they welcomed 22.67 million international holidaymakers in 2011. The astonishing figures have broken the record of 23 million previously set in 2008. “We are overjoyed that Mexico has broken our longstanding record with regard to international visitation…these figures clearly demonstrate that the bold diversification strategy we have implemented, promoting a broad tourism offering and targeting an expanded breed of global consumer, is succeeding” noted Rodolfo Lopez Negrete, Chief Operating Officer of the Mexican Tourism Board.

Mexico attracted holidaymakers from across the globe, with increases in the number of visitors from Brazil, Russia, China, Colombia, Italy Australia, United Kingdom, France, Japan and Canada. The United States continued to be one of the most important source markets for Mexican tourism with many spring-breakers still heading to Cancun holidays as their favourite destination for relaxing and non-stop partying along Cancun's famous nightclubs and entertainment venues. Despite the fact that the number of Americans booking international holidays decreased in 2011 compared to 2010, the number of Americans travelling to Mexico grew from 14.1 per cent to 15 per cent in 2011. Undoubtedly, the bear 200 000 students who book their annual spring break holidays in Cancun have contributed significantly to these figures.

The results not only demonstrate the timeless appeal of Cancun holidays, one of Mexico’s most popular destinations, but it also is an indication that international holidaymakers have not been fazed by reports of drug-related violence in Mexico. The April 2011 Travel Warning for Mexico put out by the U.S. State Department has been replaced by a new advisory released on the 8th February 2012 which now specifically states that “no advisories exist” for popular holiday destinations on Mexico's Caribbean coast. That clarification gives the all clear for holidaymakers to book their holidays in the Riviera Maya and Cancun with confidence.

Mexico hotels in Cancun and elswhere in the country, have taken notice of the booming tourism industry with a host of hotel chains planning investments in the coming years. Intercontinental Hotels have announced a plan to erect 46 new hotels in Mexico by 2014, the Hilton has announced a 35 per cent expansion in Mexico over the coming years while the Marriott will open nine new hotels between 2012 and 2016. Following a 79 million euro acquisition and refurbishment investment, Iberostar Hotels & Resorts recently unveiled what is sure to be one of the top five-star Cancun resorts, conveniently located just 15 minutes from the Cancun Airport.

"The grand opening of the Iberostar Cancun reinforces an increase of activity and travel to Mexico as well as tourism offerings within the region. This event underscores Iberostar on-going commitment and support to Mexico” noted Gloria Guevara, Mexico’s secretary of tourism.

Industry officials feel confident that the growth in Mexican tourism industry will continue its upward trend well into 2012 as interest in the Mayan culture has also experienced a resurgence. Given the significance of the end of the Mayan calendar in December 2012 industry insiders expect to see an increase in the number of people booking cultural holidays to Cancun to visit the sacred sites and Mayan ruins.

Outsourcing Structural Steel Fabrication To Turkey Offers Multiple Strategic Advantages

Structural steel provides the strength needed for components within bridges, high-rise buildings, damns, and other large construction projects. The reliability, quality and efficient design of the steel components is of the utmost importance. Therefore, selecting the right subcontractor for the fabrication of the steel receives much attention. At the same time, outsourcing is becoming a requirement to meet strict budget constraints. With so many countries in the world offering structural steel fabrication, it can be difficult to determine which low cost countries serve as the best source of reliable subcontracting partners.

The primary low cost countries offering large numbers of structural steel fabrication facilities include China, India, Brazil, and Turkey. Each country offers very unique experiences when carrying out transactions related to structural steel. The cultural norms, business styles and political characteristics of each nation must be taken into account when selecting a structural steel subcontractor.

China typically stands out as the lowest cost supplier of structural steel in the world. Many purchasing managers quickly accept offers for fabrication services from Chinese suppliers simply based on the initial price offerings. However, leading international business scholars have noted that Chinese steel fabricators are infamous for adding “hidden costs” to projects. The large number of differences between Chinese and Western business ethics and norms cannot be discussed here, but it can be said that it leads to much frustration and wasted time when negotiating contracts. Furthermore, the Chinese do not have the same cultural outlook toward intellectual property as Western societies. All engineering drawings and proprietary company information is available to the government, regardless of the confidentiality agreements made between the Chinese and Western companies. If a company does not want its steel fabrication designs to be copied, it should not be manufactured in China.

India is also a popular option for low cost structural steel fabrication. However, purchasing managers should take not that the lack of infrastructure within the country leads to many frustrations. Items are often delivered late, or even worse, completed, but too large to travel on Indian roads, therefore never able to reach the end customer. Additionally, Indian politicians are constantly at odds with each other over tariff levels. The import and export duties quoted when starting a project are rarely the same by the project completion date. Lastly, a recent study from the United Nations found that Indian workers are ranked as the least productive in the world. Extreme caution should be exhibited when locating an Indian supplier. Nonetheless, companies such as Tata Steel have emerged in India, as an exception to the rule that Indian suppliers are not reliable. However, now that Tata Steel has earned such a strong reputation, its structural steel fabrication services are often not priced competitively.

Brazil is a popular source of low cost structural steel fabrications. Brazil’s proximity to the United States in comparison to other low cost suppliers like India makes it an attractive option. However, Brazil is infamous for depleting the rainforest in the name of industrial development. In this sense, purchasing managers are faced with an ethical dilemma when supporting companies that source raw materials for important ecological areas. Not taking into account ethical issues, Brazilian companies can be considered reliable and timely manufactures of structural steel fabrications. Brazil is recommended far above India or China.

Finally, Turkey is among the most popular sources of custom steel fabrications. Turkey is the highest recommend nation as a supplier of structural steel. Its proximity to the European Union and its lack of tariffs on steel products exported to the United States make it an attractive choice. Its young, highly skilled workforce ensures products are manufactured to highest standards of quality. Thanks to funds provided by the European Union, Its infrastructure is much stronger than any of the other low cost countries mentioned, allowing for flawless logistics. Multiple international seaports, multi-lane expressways, and railway lines with direct connections to the West serve the steel fabrication shops throughout Turkey. Furthermore, scholarly research has shown that Turkish business culture is highly pro-Western, meaning Turkish steel fabricators are highly motivated to prove their dependability to Western customers.

With the increasing complexity of large infrastructure projects it has become essential to verify the quality of structural steel components prior to delivery and to assure they are durable, safe and perform as designed. Turkish structural steel suppliers prove to deliver high quality structural steel components in a timely manner, while still offering the cost savings found by outsourcing to a low cost country. Due to cultural and political factors, Turkish structural steel fabricators prove more reliable and better-equipped than those from other low cost countries.

Top 10 Reasons To Visit Brazil This Vacation!

Brazil is a beautiful and diverse land; a perfect holiday destination to admire nature. If you are planning to visit Brazil this vacation and thinking why should you? Then here is the list of Top 10 reasons stating why you should visit this lovely country known worldwide for its warm, fun loving people and above all for its petite, exotic and feminine women.

1. Carnival: World famous celebration of Carnival Festival of Rio is one of the main reasons to travel to this beautiful country. The festival is celebrated annually forty days before the Easter. The energy and vigor of the festival is enough to lure tourists from all over the world.

2. Copacabana Beach: One of the world’s famous beaches Copacabana attracts thousands of tourists every year. Known for its lively and energetic ambience, the beach is simply a great reason to visit this lovely country.

3. Cariocas: The petite women are called as ‘Cariocas’ in Rio. They are immensely popular worldwide for their friendly nature and hospitability towards tourists. If single and lonely, these Brazilian women will definitely add charm to your entire vacation with their friendly and warm attitude.

4. Splendid Surfing Beaches: Beaches of Rio offers great surfing options to its visitors. Florianopolis beach located in the Santa Catarina and Arpoador beach in Rio are two of its main beaches that offer tremendous great opportunities of surfing.

5. Lovely weather year round: The average weather in Brazil fluctuates around 70's to 80's degrees all year round. Alongside, in winters when whole northern part of world is covered with snow, Brazil is one such destination which offers warm ambience and brilliant sunshine to tourists from all over the world.

6. Energetic soccer games: If you are a soccer lover, then Brazil is the right place to be at. Soccer is one such game which is practiced as a religion here. You will come across endless soccer matches being played while wandering through its cities.

7. Learn Portuguese: If you want to try some Portuguese, then Brazil is the right destination to start. Grasp few of the basic phrases in Portuguese before visiting Brazil! Moreover, the lovely Brazilian women can prove to be of great help if looking to learn Portuguese!

8. Fit Brazilian Culture: Brazilian people love to be fit both physically and mentally. Who knows if perfect bodies and positive attitude inspires you to be like them?

9. Mouth -Watering Brazilian Food: Make sure you visit ‘churrascaria’ when in Brazil. Frango Asado is one of the popular dishes of Brazil. Simply delicious in tatse, it is a barbecue chicken served with rice and fries.

10. Brazilian culture: Brazilians are known for their liberal attitude in whole world. Because of a history of mass cultural absorption by German, Spanish, Portuguese, African, Italian, Indigenous and plenty of other ethnicities, Brazil culture has evolved into a diverse culture, where everyone gets along easily